The circular path through the outdoor museum Kolovrat runs past command- and observation posts, machine gun and gun positions, caves and networks of trenches and connection galleries at several levels. A visit to these positions is of special interest thanks to various details, such as, for example, spiral stairs in one of the caves, and also due to partly original materials which were used in the wartime. From the top of the Kolovrat ridge a splendid view opens over the onetime Isonzo Front battlefield, reaching from Mt. Kanin and the Krn range to Mt. Sveta Gora, and all to the Trieste Gulf.
Before World War I the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy ran along the ridge of Kolovrat which steeply rises above the right bank of the Soča. On the first day of the war the Italian troops crossed the border ridge and began to fortify it. The Italian Army gradually built an extensive system of defence lines, which was called linea d’armata. Numerous gun positions and observation posts were on the ridge, from where the battlefield could be observed. From these high-lying positions the Italian gunners shelled the Austro-Hungarian positions, the supply route between Tolmin and the valley of Baška grapa, and other important targets in the Austro-Hungarian rear. The entire ridge was crisscrossed with fortified trenches as well. Between Mt. Na Gradu (1,114 m) and Mt. Trinški vrh (1,139 m) ran an important supply route across the saddle; it connected the rear with the positions before the Tolmin bridgehead, or with the first and the second lines of Italian positions.
The positions on the Kolovrat ridge were among the key points of defence for the Italians in the Twelfth Isonzo Battle. The command of the German Army promised a high reward, the Pour le mérite order, to the officer who would conquer this point. It was awarded to First Lieutenant Schörner, who conquered the positions on Na Gradu with his troop from the composition of the German Alpine Corps on the very first day of the offensive, i.e. in the evening of 24 October 1917. By conquering these positions, the German troops cleared the way for their further advance along the ridges of Kolovrat and Matajur, all to the Friuli lowland. As the commander of a troop of the Würtenberg Mountain Battalion, First Lieutenant Erwin Rommel also took part in the battles on the Kolovrat ridge. On the third day of the Twelfth Isonzo Battle he conquered Mt. Matajur with his troop.
Boštjan Burger 360° Surround Photography
Outdoor Museum Kolovrat – The Story of War and Peace in the Arms of Nature
Let Yourself be Captivated by the Beauties of the Soča Valley
Arriving from Kobarid:
On the road from Kobarid towards Tolmin, in the settlement of Idrsko, turn towards the village of Livek (5 km), then turn left towards Livške Ravne (4 km). Continue for the next 3 kilometres along the ridge of Kolovrat to the smaller parking area. Located next to the information board is the entrance to the outdoor museum.
Arriving from Tolmin:
At the roundabout outside Tolmin take the exit for Kobarid and after 350 metres turn left for Volče. When you arrive at the edge of the village the indication sign for the outdoor museum Kolovrat directs you to the right. Follow that road for another 8 kilometres and then turn right again. Only a kilometre separates you now from the parking area at the outdoor museum.
You can also reach the museum from the Italian side (from Solarie/Solarje) or by taking the road that goes along the Kanalski Kolovrat Ridge (only suitable for passenger cars).
Center za obiskovalce Pot miru, Kobarid
(The Walk of Peace Visitor Centre, Kobarid)
Gregorčičeva ulica 8
+386 5 389 0167, +386 31 586 296
Mestni trg 5
+386 5 380 04 80
Trg svobode 16
+386 5 380 04 90