The elevation Cum/Hum, which was an important part of the third line of defence for the Italian Army during World War I, was turned into a strong base. The Italians crisscrossed Mt. Hum with mule tracks (mulattiere), trenches and caves. Mainly in its southwestern part, a real settlement of cabins and dwelling units was set up. The height and strategic position of the hill were used to the Italian advantage and a large number of gun positions were arranged on it, from which they could shell the battlefield on Mrzli Vrh, Mengore, and the surroundings of Tolmin, as well as the enemy’s positions on the Kanal battlefield. During the Twelfth Isonzo Battle, Mt. Cum was one of the last points from where the Italians defended themselves in an organized manner and managed to cover with fire the Judria/Idrija Valley, the range of Kolovrat, Ježa and Kanalski Kolovrat, as well as the Valli del Natisone/Nadiža Valleys.
Mt. Cum/Hum – Italian Artillery Base
Access is possible from the village Tribil Superiore/Gorenji Tarbij or from the village Rucchin/Zaločilo.
Tribil Superiore/Gorenji Tarbij: At the monument to the fallen in World Wars I and II at the civil cemetery turn right towards Tribil Superiore. On the way through the village turn right at the first fork and continue straight to the bar, where you turn right again. Park above the sports field. The path to Mt. Cum/Hum starts just below the sports field.
Rucchin/Zaločilo: In the village, pay attention to the branch for Malinsche. Where the road turns towards this settlement there is a water trough. The path to Cum starts to the right of the trough.
Centro visitatori “Walk of Peace”, SMO
(The Walk of Peace Visitor Centre, SMO)
Via Alpe Adria, 73
I–33049 San Pietro al Natisone (UD)
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