Gorizia/Gorica/Görz played a key role in the events of World War I. It had formerly been a holiday destination for the Habsburg Monarchy’s bourgeoisie, during the war it became the scene of fierce battles between the Italian and the Austro-Hungarian armies. Gorizia was defended by the Austro-Hungarian Army for over a year thanks to their defence positions placed on the hills around the city. One of them was Mt. Calvario/Kalvarija that was part of the Austro-Hungarian first line of defence.
No remains of military positions have survived, but visitors can take a look at three monuments dedicated to Italian soldiers: an obelisk, dedicated to military detachments that fought here; a platform with three crosses; and a tombstone dedicated to the volunteers from the province of Venezia-Giulia. Monte Calvario affords a splendid view over Gorizia and the Isonzo (Soča) River.
Use the regional road SR56 towards Gradisca d’Isonzo/Gradišče. Right after crossing the bridge Ponte 8 Agosto turn right and then right once again. Follow the road to Piedimonte del Calvario/Podgora. After passing the bus stop, you will see a monument on the right of the road. Park the car there and continue on foot. On the other side of the road, Via Monte Calvario leads to the top of the hill.